Sclerotherapy is a medical treatment for varicose veins and spider veins that has been used effectively to treat chronic venous insufficiencies for more than a century. It is especially effective for spider veins and smaller varicose veins. It gives immediate and permanent results on the veins it treats. It won’t stop other veins from becoming varicose. For that, you need preventative care.
What Is the Procedure?
The procedure is very simple. A fluid is injected into the spider or varicose vein. This coagulates the blood and irritates the vein wall. For varicose veins, it also irritates the valves that are supposed to prevent the blood in the vein from flowing backward. An irritated vein with coagulated blood will collapse and seal shut. The blood that normally would flow through that vein will go to another.
The damaged vein is like scar tissue and is dissolved and carried away by the surrounding tissue. After a few weeks, the varicose vein is gone, never to return. Spider veins may disappear faster than a few weeks because they are shorter and thinner. Some will disappear after one treatment. Larger, darker veins may require more than one treatment.
What Happens During the Treatment?
Before the treatment, our specialist will examine your veins and make sure you don’t have any more serious underlying vein problems. Your medical history will be reviewed as well as any medications you take. The doctor will need to know if you have any allergies and have had any previous treatments for varicose veins.
Before you come to the office for the treatment, don’t shave the area or use any lotion or cream. If the veins are on your legs, you should wear clothing like shorts or a skirt that make it easy for our trained technician to reach the veins.
Recovery After the Procedure
You will get up and walk around immediately after the procedure is finished. This helps prevent blood clots from forming. You will be given compression stockings to wear for a few days or your legs may be bandaged. This is to put pressure on the veins to make sure they stay closed.
How to Prevent New Spider Veins and Varicose Veins
If varicose veins are in your family heredity, you may be able to postpone or prevent them, but genetics is the main cause of vein problems. Lifestyle factors include jobs during which you stand or sit for hours without moving. This allows blood circulation to become slow and cause spider veins or varicose veins. Obesity can cause these veins to appear as can pregnancy.